Fillings are mostly used to restore the natural shape and function of teeth that display minor erosion due to decay (cavities). If left untreated, cavities can lead to infections or an abscess of the tooth, and even multiple tooth loss.
White filling material (made of powdered glass or other ceramic particles added to a resin base) is the material of choice for restoration of small cavities. Major advances in the properties of this material have allowed us to completely change the way we treat decay. With less drilling we can keep more of your healthy tooth and provide an absolute colour match to your original tooth.
Amalgam is a silver-coloured material most often used in the rare occasion when we are unable to achieve the correct internal environment to allow a composite material to be placed. The advantage of dental amalgam is that it does not require the tooth to be dry for its placement and can therefore provide successful restoration in situations which might otherwise lead to the extraction of a tooth.
The world of ceramics is advancing rapidly and we have arrived at phenomenal materials for fillings which combine exquisite aesthetics without compromising strength and functionality. Modern processes of digital design and laser guided milling have revolutionised the use of ceramic as a filling material, allowing perfect restoration and aesthetic replacement for missing tooth tissue which is indistinguishable from the surrounding tooth.
Minor cosmetic issues can also be addressed with veneers, for instance cracks or chips to the teeth. In some cases veneers might also be able to reduce the appearance of crooked or gapped teeth.
When a tooth has become functionally compromised and is likely to break down or fracture despite our best efforts with a filling material, then a crown may be the best option for the tooth. The advantage of a crown is that the entire tooth is protected and stabilised. Modern materials and our talented technicians allow us to create or recreate the desired aesthetics to a phenomenal degree of accuracy not only in terms of shape but also colour.
When the blood or nerve supply becomes inflamed or infected due to severe decay, repeated dental procedures, faulty crowns, or a crack or chip in the tooth (trauma to a tooth may also cause pulp damage even if the tooth has no visible damage) root canal treatment may be necessary.